Introductory Guide to Python Programming for Newbies

August 05, 2023
5 min read
By Gianluca Turcatel
Introductory Guide to Python Programming for Newbies

Python is one of the most popular coding languages due to its readability and efficiency, which makes it a great starting point for newbie programmers. This dynamic and interpreted language is used in various sectors such as web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. Because of its broad usage, gaining a thorough understanding of Python can open doors to a multitude of job opportunities. Its syntax is designed to be readable and simple, which allows you to focus on problem-solving rather than syntax errors. A simple example of a Python program can be as readable as English: "print('Hello, world!')" is all it takes to print a greeting in Python. Moreover, Python's extensive library support can help beginners to easily build projects from web crawlers to automating your browser. You can execute commands in Python's interactive shell individually, giving you instant feedback about your code, a beneficial feature for learners. Through Python, beginners can learn programming basics in a less strenuous, more productive environment. Ultimately, Python serves as a robust launchpad for beginners to catapult into the world of programming.

Why Choose Python?

why choose python

Python's syntax is relatively simple and intuitive, which is especially helpful for novice programmers seeking to grasp the essentials fast. The effortless readability of Python - with its emphasis on simplicity and specificity - is consistently touted as its key strength. This means you'll spend less time dealing with complicated syntax and more time learning and creating. Python also boasts a vibrant, global community that continuously contributes towards the development of rich libraries and frameworks, making it a versatile tool for a wide array of projects - from web development and data analysis to artificial intelligence and machine learning. For instance, Django, a Python-based framework, is trusted by companies like Instagram for its efficiency and scalability. Then there's NumPy and Pandas, essential for data analysis. Python even extends into the spheres of education, game development, and 3D animation, making it a truly universal language. With various learning resources and a thriving support ecosystem in place, Python programming for beginners is certainly an accessible and practical entry point to the wide world of coding.

First Steps in Python

first steps in python

Python's syntax is designed to be intuitive and easy to read, making it an ideal starting point for newcomers to coding. This readability fosters a simpler learning process, stripping away the complexities often associated with programming languages. To get started with Python, you'll first need to install the Python interpreter on your computer which can easily be downloaded from their official website. Once installed, you can create a basic program to print "Hello, World!" on your terminal: simply open a new file, type "print('Hello, World!')" and save it as Then run the program through your terminal to see your first slice of code come to life. Throughout your journey in Python programming, this user-oriented design is more than a mere convenience: it is a guiding principle that will help keep you on track as you learn to think and problem-solve like a programmer. Python fosters creativity and innovation, paradoxically constraining and liberating beginner programmers through its simplicity.

Python Main Built-in Data Types

python main built in data types

In Python, the main data structures refer to the fundamental built-in data types that allow you to store and organize data efficiently. Python provides several main data structures, each with its own characteristics and use cases. The main data structures in Python are lists, tuples, sets, dictionaries and strings. Lists are ordered collections that can hold elements of different data types and are denoted by square brackets. Lists can be modified (mutable), meaning you can add, remove, or modify elements after creation. Tuples are similar to lists but are immutable, meaning once created, their elements cannot be changed. Tuples are denoted by parentheses and are generally used to create a collection of elements that should not be modified. Sets are unordered collections of unique elements and are denoted by curly braces. Sets automatically remove duplicate elements, ensuring uniqueness. Dictionaries are collections of key-value pairs, where each value is associated with a unique key. They are denoted by curly braces, with key-value pairs separated by colons. Finally, Strings are sequences of characters, representing textual data. Strings are denoted using single or double quotes and are immutable.

Common Python Mistakes

common python mistakes

For those just entering the realm of python programming for beginners, there are a few common pitfalls to be aware of. One of the most frequent errors is forgetting about Python's case sensitivity. For instance, 'apple' and 'Apple' are distinct variables. Another area where newbies stumble is in handling indentation errors. Unlike other programming languages where indentation is optional and mainly used for readability, in Python, indentation is crucial and part of the language's syntax. A wrong indent can cause your program to break or behave in unexpected ways. Don't mix tabs and spaces for indentation. Incorrect use of the '==' and '=' operators is another common mistake. Remember, '==' is a comparison operator and '=' is an assignment operator. Also, keep in mind that the 'else' statement doesn’t require a condition, but 'elif' does. New programmers sometimes forget this difference. Moreover, always make sure there are no trailing whitespaces or unnecessary characters as this could lead to syntax errors. Be patient and practice regularly, making mistakes is a fundamental part of learning Python programming for beginners.

Wrap-up on Python

wrap up on python

Python's syntax is intuitive and caters to newbies, making it a great starting point for those new to coding. It is a high-level, general-purpose language that can do everything from web development to data analysis— even machine learning. To get started, figure out what Python version to use (Python 2.x is legacy, Python 3.x is the present and future of the language) and install it. Begin with simple variables; move on to strings, lists, and dictionaries; and gradually dive into conditional statements, loops, and functions. It's important to practice solving problems frequently, as this will help you better understand how Python works. Also, make use of online resources like Stack Overflow, GitHub, and Python's robust official documentation to refine and develop your skills. So, keep exploring, coding, and debugging—that's the real journey of python programming for beginners.

Published on August 05, 2023 by Gianluca Turcatel

Gianluca Turcatel

COO & Co-Founder